If you are looking for a fruit that really grows from another world to grow on a plant that only flourishes with large fragrant flowers at night, no longer looks the dragon fruit cactus.Sometimes known as Pitahaya, the dragon fruit plant comes from Mexico, Central America and South America and is one of various different onesCactus cultivated fruits.
Known for its shiny and leather pink skin, the dragon fruit is sweet inside, with light white meat and small black seeds.You will not only harvest this unusual, nutritious and strikingly growingMulti -year cactialso have an ornamental value in your garden landscape or inYour House.
Dragon Fruit Cacti can grow up to 6 meters high in spring and produce air roots that enable them to hold on to surfaces, creating their crawling and climbing habits.This plant is considered to be invasive in some of Florida.
Click on playing to learn to grow and harvest dragon fruits
|Common name||Dragon fruit, Pitahaya, strawberry pear, Queen Honolulu, cactus of the moonlight|
|Botanical name||Hylocereus undatus|
|Type of plant||Cactus, several years|
|Reif||8–20 feet high, 3-10 feet wide|
|Type of alone||Sandy, well drained|
|PH Do Solo||Neutral, acid|
|Heyday||spring Summer Autumn Winter|
|Resistance zones||10–12 (USDA)|
|Native area||North America, Central America, South America|
Beware of cactuses in front of dragon fruits
In order to successfully cultivate your own dragon fruit plant, you have to live in a hot and sunny region and have plenty of space in your garden - this is a difficult cactus with the habit of spread and long stems.Lines and other dangerous objects with which you can interact.Trellis Forte.
Although dragon fruit plants enjoy a hot climate and are often planted under complete sunlight, the very intense sun can damage the pole in dry or particularly hot regions.If the temperatures in your area are often almost 100 degrees Fahrenheit, it is better to plant your plants to plant cactus in a place that has shade.In the same way, it is important to be that a lot of shadows can lead to the production of less abundant fruits and the quality of their harvest may not be so impressive.
Dragon fruits cacti are not particularly demanding when it comes to their kind of soil orPH valueThe key is that its soil is damp, rich in organic substance and well flowing.PacifierAround the base of the plant - especially in drier regions - to help the soil keep its moisture.
Don't make the mistake to think that you can relax at the front because this plant is a cactus.While the dragon fruit cactssomeDryness tolerance to create a good fruit facility.It is better to pour them consistently when they produce their flowers until they can harvest their dragon fruits.However, excessive irrigation can also lead to excessive irrigationRoot rotAnd different forms of fungal diseases.Give the plant in winter and in the early spring a drying magic that is needed to induce a productive flower.
Temperature and humidity
Dragon fruit plants are not suitable for every garden.By native to tropical regions, you will not do well in areas where a freezer climate occurs.Cacti as ideal growth conditions for dragon fruits.
Dragon Fruit Cacti is recommended, very hungry plants, and in the first year, every two months with a balanced 20-20-20 fertilizer are recommended.As soon as the plants are well established, you should go well annually with just a few fertilizer applications.You should also plan to change the floor with connection ororganic matterSometimes a year.
Types of dragon fruits cactus
There are about 15 types of dragon fruits, each with fruits and bowls of different colors, some of which are observed below.However, there are many hybrid varieties, including "Edgar's Baby" (Hylocereus stenopteruseHylocereus Guatemalensis) or 'tricia' (Hylocereus OcamponiseHylocereus undatus).
- Hylocereus megalanthus: Rarely see that these dragon fruit grows in a thorny yellow shell sweet meat made of white fruits.
- Hylocereus costaricensis: The meat and the shell of the fruits may appear deep red, red or deep pink.
- Hylocereus Guatemalensis:The flesh of this dragon fruit is light purple and the shell is interrupted with greenish fins.
- Hylocereus polyrhizus: This fruit also has deep red meat and a green, thorny shell.
- Hylocereus stenopterus:This dragon fruit produces red, yellow or orange fruits.
Cutting a dragon fruit cactus
If you neglectplumHis dragon fruit cactus, the chances of fungal diseases and insect infestation are increasing.It can also lead to bad lights with poor light pieces, which can influence fruit production.Regular pruning also promotes productive flower and prevents the plant from becoming too heavy the growing trusses.
Plan over to two or three times a year to reduce excessively long, damaged, confused or killed poles.If you are lucky (or have a younger facility), you can escape from a single annual cut session that it can be done after harvesting the fruits.
Distribution of a dragon fruit cactus
Some dragon fruits are self -made, which means that you may need different types to ensure a better chance of fruit production through cross -pollination.With this method, too, it can take years for dragon fruits Cacti to give the fruits when they are started by seeds.
Fortunately it is easySpread new stack plantsTo do this, take these steps.
- Take an appropriate size (approx. 10 to 12 inches) from a healthy bar.
- Treat the end with a fungicide.
- Plant the cut side in a pan, which was filled with a combination of floor tuber and some sand.
- You drizzle the cut lightly (don't dive in) and put the pan in a dark place for about a week to "heal".
You can expect the cut to grow quickly, develop flowers and believe that it will bear fruit in less than a year if the plant is properly dusted.
You will know that your dragon fruit is ready to harvest when pink outer skin pockets start to develop a withered look.If it is superficial, it is important that harvest time is important.two weeks.
The dragon fruit is quite exotic and may not be the taste of everyone.For those who like them, it is full of vitamin C and many other useful minerals and antioxidants.The large and edible flowers created by the cactus are also impressive - they are usually white and have a strong fragrance.nocturnalThen you can only (and choose) as soon as the sun continues.
Common pests and diseases
Depending on where you live, wild animals can find their dragon fruits attractive.It may be necessary to take measures to protect your cactus and fruits from rats, raccoons, birds and much more.The plants are also attractive forAnts, Like this,Mealybugs, Like this,Mites, eTravel.
The regular refer and the fruits and putrefaction can also be a problem for dragon fruits.To avoid this type of problems, make sure that your cactus receives the right amount of sun, moisture and air circulation.
Common problems with dragon fruits cactus
Although Dragon Fruit Cactus is easy to cultivate, this can be some problems.Here is what to do when you find these problems.
Without fruit production
Depending on whether you have planted it with seeds or cuts, if you do not see any fruits, this usually means that the plant does not receive sufficient sunshine.
Without flowers form
So that the cactus is fruity, it must thrive early at the beginning and in the middle of autumn.If you do not see flowers or do not bloom the formed flowers, the plant can be very cold or do not grow under sufficient growth sunlight.You put the plant in a lighter place or a greenhouse.In addition, your cactus cannot form productive flowers if you do not cut the dead branches because the plant is busy output energy for the dead weight.
Stem and leaf lesions
Your plant can have putrefaction or cancer if you see stains and lesions on the stems and blades (leaves) that are red, yellowish or even white brown.Feeding and cancer can be contained in a dragon fruit plant.Remove the damaged and infected pieces and treat the plant with a suitable fungicide for this type of plant.
How long does it take to a dragon fruit cactus to produce fruit?
Dragon fruits Cacti can take up to seven years before they produce fruits from seeds.However, if you plant a cut, you can have a harvest within one to three years.
Can you cultivate a dragon cactus at home?
Yes, thatDragon fruit plant can grow insideAt certain points such as a large Marchise or a window that receives six to eight hours of sunlight a day.You need a heavy and large container and must maintain manual pollination to pruning this fast growth or does not bear any fruits.
How long can a dragon fruit cactus live?
A dragon fruit plant can live up to 20 years.
Spruce only uses high -quality sources, including the revised couples, to support the facts in our articles.Editorial processTo learn more about how we check and maintain our exact, reliable and reliable content.
Hylocereus semedado (dragon fruit).Center for Agriculture and Biosciences International.
Pitaya (Dragonfruit) grows in the Floridas living areaFlorida University, Institute for Agricultural and Agricultural Sciences.
Joshi M, Prabhakar B.Phytoconstituents and pharmacos therapy Advantages of Pitaya: a wonderful fruit.J Bochem of Essen, Vol.44, Nr. 7, 2020. doi: 10.1111/jfbc.13260
Pitaya (dragon fruit) (hylocereus undatus) pests and advantageous insectsFlorida University, Institute for Agricultural and Agricultural Sciences.
Pitaya (Dragonfruit) grows in the Floridas living area. Extension of the University of Florida.