What does it mean when someone says a stock is up X points? (2023)

For stocks, one point equals one dollar. So, hearing that a stock lost or gained X points is the same as saying that the stock lost or gained X dollars.

The use of dots to describe gains or declines in stock price is usually done to describe short-term results, eg B. for the day or the week.

While one point always equals one dollar, the percentage value of a one-point move can be different for two companies. Points refer only to the dollar amount that was changed, not the percentage. Two stocks can lose the same number of points, but very different percentages.

The central theses

  • When you hear that a stock lost or gained X points, that's the same as saying the stock lost or gained X dollars. One point equals one dollar.
  • Because the points represent real dollar amounts, two stocks can go up or down the same number of points - but have different percentage gains or losses.
  • These stock points are not the same as basis points for bonds or currencies.
  • Index points are based on the relative movement of components in the index.
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How dots relate to financial instruments

Points are not percentages

Be careful not to confuse points with percentages orbasis points(bps). If you hear someone say that the stock is down 10 points, the meaning of that drop depends on how high the stock price is.

It is important to note that this point and dollar value refers to stocks only and nothing else. People often talk about itindexes, bond or currency prices rising or falling by X basis points that are different. One basis point equals 1/100 percent. So if someone says that the dollar has risen by 50 basis points, that means it has risen by 0.5%.


Consider a simple example: if the fictitious company TSJ Sports Conglomerate lost four points and dropped from $12 to $8, it would have suffered a 33% drop.stock price. This drop is dramatically different from the four-point drop experienced by a company like Cory's Tequila Co., which trades at $104. If the stock drops $4.00 to $100, that's only a 3 .8%.

points and indices

Points aren't just used when dealing with individual actions; They are also often used to refer to short-term movements in stock indices, as in "the Dow Jones Industrial Average is up 20 points today" or "the S&P 500 is down 100 points this week". Since these indices are about companies worth billions of dollars, the dots serve as a kind of shorthand to indicate changes in collective value. Being able to say "The Dow is up 100 points" instead of "Company stocks on the Dow are up $784,356,102,001, give or take a few thousandths," was generally much less cumbersome.

With indices, the points still represent dollars, but the ratio is not 1:1. A point is just an integer in the index value. To understand what the dots mean, you need to have an idea of ​​the current value of a stock index.

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What are point changes in a stock index?

When the price of an index goes up or down by $1, this is called a "point". Since an index is made up of many stocks held at different weights, a point move is the result of different stocks in the index rising and falling at different rates, but the closest effect is a $1 change in the total value of the index.

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Why is percentage change better than point change?

The percentage change better reflects what is happening from apple to apple. Suppose you have two stocks, one is trading at $10 and the other at $100. For a one point drop, the first one drops 10%, but the second one only drops 1%. Therefore, the point of movement in the first stock is a much steeper and more violent decline. So when someone says that a stock index will rise or fall by X points, be sure to state that as a percentage as well.

What is the biggest point loss and gain on the Dow Jones Index so far?

The Down Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) dropped 2,997 points on March 16, 2020 in response to the COVID19 pandemic. On March 24, 2020, the Dow posted its biggest point gain to date, rising 2,113 points. During March and April 2020, the market experienced a lot of volatility due to COVID fear and uncertainty. Note that the biggest percentage decline in the index occurred on October 19, 1987 (known asblack monday), as the Dow dropped more than 22.5% in a single day.


What does it mean when the Dow is up 100 points? ›

The points still represent dollars, but the ratio is not 1:1. This way, instead of saying, "Today, the Dow stocks collectively gained $693.573961," people can say, "the Dow was up 100 points." Obviously, this is a vast improvement.

What does a 5X stock mean? ›

Typical stock solutions are 2X, 5X, and 10X, meaning double, five times, and ten times the normal concentration, respectively. The upper limit to the concentration of a stock solution is set by the solubility of the chemicals in the required solvent.

How many points is a stock percentage? ›

Basis Point In Stocks & Bonds

A basis point is a unit used to measure changes in the value of financial instruments. Values are typically expressed as a percentage change, so a 1% change would be 100 basis points. Basis points are commonly used when discussing changes in interest rates or bond yields.

What is the highest the Dow has ever been? ›

The Dow's all-time high at market close stands at 36,799.65 points—reached on Jan. 4, 2022. The DJIA is one of the most regularly followed equity indexes, tracking 30 large-cap, well-known companies that trade on U.S. stock exchanges.

How many points is a stock market crash? ›

A stock market crash occurs when there is a significant decline in stock prices. While there's no specific numeric definition of a stock market crash, the term usually applies to occasions in which the major stock market indexes lose more than 10% of their value in a relatively short time period.

What does it mean when a stock goes up 10X? ›

A P/E of 10x means a company is trading at a multiple that is equal to 10 times earnings.

What is a 10X stock? ›

Stocks with 10X potential usually have small market caps, vibrant leadership, and colossal market opportunities to grow into. Nevertheless, these tech stocks to buy come with a ton of risk which is perhaps doubly important to consider now.

What is a 10X stock solution? ›

• Form example, a 10X stock solution is one that contains ten times the concentration of all solutes relative to a working solution, which is considered to be a 1X solution. • Therefore, you need to dilute a 10X by a factor of ten to obtain your final working solution.

What Are stocks points? ›

In the stock market, a point represents a change in the value of a stock or index. Specifically, one point represents a one-dollar change in the stock or index's value. For example, if a stock trades at $50 per share and increases by one point, its value would be $51 per share.

What is a good stock score? ›

Stocks with an 80 or higher rating have the best chance of success. However, companies can boost their EPS figures through stock buybacks that reduce the number of outstanding shares. So, strong profit growth also demands strong sales growth.

What is a good percentage to be up in stocks? ›

Most investors would view an average annual rate of return of 10% or more as a good ROI for long-term investments in the stock market. However, keep in mind that this is an average. Some years will deliver lower returns -- perhaps even negative returns.

What is the highest stock price ever? ›

Berkshire Hathaway holds the title for having the highest stock price—$445,000.

Will the Dow ever hit 40000? ›

A Dow 40,000 is possible in 2040-2050 if the massive,necessary spending on needed public infrastructure,badly neglected in the USA since 1981,is implemented. The bill is about 20 Trillion. This would set off a genuine boom and not a supplyside bubble.

What was the lowest stock market ever? ›

From its peak in September 1929, the Dow fell 89 percent, bottoming in the summer of 1932 at 41.22, the lowest closing level of the 20th century. The six largest single-day point declines for the Dow all occurred in the first six months of 2020 as investors grappled with the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

How do you know when the stock market is going to crash? ›

Essentially, no one can predict when the stock market is going to crash and be 100% accurate. Inflation and interest rates may choke off a rally before it gains momentum, making July 2022 a dead cat bounce and pushing the market into a free-fall.

How many points did the 2008 stock market crash? ›

On September 29, 2008, after Congress failed to pass a $700 billion bank bailout plan, the Dow Jones Industrial Average falls 777.68 points—at the time, the largest single-day point loss in its history.

What is it called when stocks go up? ›

bull market

noun. a situation in the stock market in which the prices of shares are rising.

What does 10X mean? ›

(Internet slang, sensational spelling) Alternative spelling of thanks.

What does 10X more mean? ›

10x means to maximize and expand your results ten times over, rather than just by 10%.

What is a 10X return in percentage? ›

For example a 10X claim really means that 10 became 1 which is a difference of 9. So the improvement was 9 divided by 10, which equals 0.90 or 90%.

What does 20x mean in stocks? ›

It's the price divided by earnings per share: $100 divided by five is 20x. The p/e ratio 20 (usually we denote that as 20x). This means that for every one dollar of earnings, investors are willing to pay 20 times that in value.

What does 2X mean in stocks? ›

Leveraged 2X ETFs are funds that track a wide variety of asset classes, such as stocks, bonds or commodity futures, and apply leverage in order to gain two times the daily or monthly return of the underlying index. They come in two varieties, long and short.

What does 500X stock mean? ›

For example: A stock solution that is 500 times more concentration would be written as 500X and would require a 1:500 dilution to restore the normal working concentration.

What does 20x solution mean? ›

A solution 20 times more concentrated would be denoted as 20x and would require a 1:20 dilution to restore the typical working concentration. Example: A 1x solution of a compound has a molar concentration of 0.05 M for its typical use in a lab procedure.

How to make 10X stock? ›

To make 1 L of 10X TBS stock solution, dissolve 24 g Tris and 88 g NaCl in 900 mL of water and then adjust the pH to 7.6 and final volume to 1 L.

How do you calculate 10X fast? ›

total seconds within a hour is 3,600, the description says "10× faster". simply multiply 3,600 • 10 and the result will be 36,000.

What does buying a stock point mean? ›

The buy point occurs when the stock breaks out or moves upward through the old point of resistance (right side of the cup). This breakout should occur with increased volume.

How do you determine buying stock points? ›

The buy point is the middle intraday peak of the W-shape plus 10 cents. Keep in mind that a handle may also form, presenting an alternative entry. No matter what type of base it is, the stock should pass its buy point in heavy volume. That gives you the confidence big investors are buying as well.

How do you know what points to buy stocks? ›

Here are nine things to consider.
  1. Price. The first and most obvious thing to look at with a stock is the price. ...
  2. Revenue Growth. Share prices generally only go up if a company is growing. ...
  3. Earnings Per Share. ...
  4. Dividend and Dividend Yield. ...
  5. Market Capitalization. ...
  6. Historical Prices. ...
  7. Analyst Reports. ...
  8. The Industry.

How do you know if a stock will go up? ›

We want to know if, from the current price levels, a stock will go up or down. The best indicator of this is stock's fair price. When fair price of a stock is below its current price, the stock has good possibility to go up in times to come.

How do you read stock results? ›

How to read quarterly results?
  1. Gross sales. Gross sales are the total sales of a company within a stipulated time. ...
  2. Net sales. Net sales are the sum of a company's gross sales minus its discounts, returns and allowances. ...
  3. Operating income. ...
  4. Operating profit. ...
  5. Margins. ...
  6. Interest cost. ...
  7. Net profit. ...
  8. EPS (Earnings Per Share)

How do you read a stock value? ›

The most common way to value a stock is to compute the company's price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio. The P/E ratio equals the company's stock price divided by its most recently reported earnings per share (EPS). A low P/E ratio implies that an investor buying the stock is receiving an attractive amount of value.

How much should a 60 year old have in stocks? ›

According to this principle, individuals should hold a percentage of stocks equal to 100 minus their age. So, for a typical 60-year-old, 40% of the portfolio should be equities.

What day is best to sell stock? ›

The upshot: Experienced traders often view Monday as the best day of the week to buy and sell stocks because of the time and pent-up demand since the last trading session the previous Friday.

How long should you hold a stock for? ›

Though there is no ideal time for holding stock, you should stay invested for at least 1-1.5 years. If you see the stock price of your share booming, you will have the question of how long do you have to hold stock?

What does it mean when the market is up points? ›

For individual stocks, points indicate whole dollar price changes. If someone states that IBM is up 5 points, it means the IBM share price is $5 higher. With stocks, a point is a dollar on a $20 stock, and a point is a dollar on a $500 stock.

What does it mean if the Dow is up? ›

When reporters say the market is up, they often mean that the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA), an index of 30 key stocks traded on the New York Stock Exchange and the NASDAQ, is up. If the Dow closed at 22,800 on Monday and at 23,000 on Tuesday, the market would be up at Tuesday's close.

What does an increase in the Dow Jones mean? ›

Overall, a rise in the Dow signifies a rise in the share prices of constituent companies that reflect a positive outlook and vice versa. Over time, the DJIA can be used as a benchmark for the economy.

What do Dow points represent? ›

The points on the Dow 30 Index is calculated by dividing the total of all share prices on the index divided by the Dow divisor. The Dow divisor is updated when the company on the index completes a stock split, as it can impact the share price of that company. As of June 2020, the Dow divisor was 0.1458.

What does 2 points mean in the stock market? ›

Points in Stocks and Other Securities

A two-point increase in a bond's price indicates a 2% change in its value, such as an increase from $10,000 to $10,200. A two-point increase in a futures contract correlates to an increase of two-hundredths of a cent, the equivalent of 2% of a penny.

How do you know if a stock is buying a point? ›

The buy point occurs when the stock breaks out or moves upward through the old point of resistance (right side of the cup). This breakout should occur with increased volume.

How do you tell if the market is in an uptrend? ›

An uptrend is marked by an overall increase in price. Nothing moves straight up for long, so there will always be oscillations, but the overall direction needs to be higher in order for it to be considered an uptrend. Recent swing lows should be above prior swing lows, and the same goes for swing highs.

What is it called when a stock goes up? ›

An uptick is an increase in a stock's price by at least 1 cent from its previous trade. Traders and investors look to upticks and downticks to determine what price a stock may be moving and what might be the best time to buy or sell a security.

How do you know if a stock is up or down? ›

If you see a stock price movement that could indicate a surge, the volume of trades for that stock can tell you that there's significant interest in the stock and allow you to confirm that it's not a false rally. At the same time, trading volume can be a great sign if the surging price is about to come to an end.

How do you tell if a stock will go up or down? ›

We want to know if, from the current price levels, a stock will go up or down. The best indicator of this is stock's fair price. When fair price of a stock is below its current price, the stock has good possibility to go up in times to come.

Is an increase in stock good? ›

Benefits of Increasing Capital Stock

It is a good sign to investors and analysts if a company can issue a significant amount of additional stock without seeing a significant drop in share price.

What is a good percentage increase in stocks? ›

Most investors would view an average annual rate of return of 10% or more as a good ROI for long-term investments in the stock market.

What happens to the Dow when interest rates rise? ›

As a general rule of thumb, when the Federal Reserve cuts interest rates, it causes the stock market to go up; when the Federal Reserve raises interest rates, it causes the stock market to go down. But there is no guarantee as to how the market will react to any given interest rate change.


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